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They Were Her Property: White Women as Slave Owners in the American South

They Were Her Property: White Women as Slave Owners in the American South

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Winner of the 2020 Harriet Tubman Prize, awarded by the Lapidus Center for for the Historical Analysis of Transatlantic Slavery at the Schomburg Center. 

Winner of the Los Angeles Times Book Prize in History
“Compelling.”—Renee Graham, Boston Globe
“Stunning.”—Rebecca Onion, Slate
“Makes a vital contribution to our understanding of our past and present.”—Parul Sehgal, New York Times
Bridging women’s history, the history of the South, and African American history, this book makes a bold argument about the role of white women in American slavery. Historian Stephanie E. Jones-Rogers draws on a variety of sources to show that slave‑owning women were sophisticated economic actors who directly engaged in and benefited from the South’s slave market. Because women typically inherited more slaves than land, enslaved people were often their primary source of wealth. Not only did white women often refuse to cede ownership of their slaves to their husbands, they employed management techniques that were as effective and brutal as those used by slave‑owning men. White women actively participated in the slave market, profited from it, and used it for economic and social empowerment. By examining the economically entangled lives of enslaved people and slave‑owning women, Jones-Rogers presents a narrative that forces us to rethink the economics and social conventions of slaveholding America.


Stephanie E. Jones-Rogers is assistant professor of history at the University of California, Berkeley. She is the winner of the 2013 Lerner-Scott Prize for best doctoral dissertation in U.S. women's history. 


  • Hardcover: 320 pages
  • Publisher: Yale University Press (February 19, 2019)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0300218664
  • ISBN-13: 978-0300218664
  • Product Dimensions: 9.4 x 6.2 x 1.2 inches